A zero-indexed array A consisting of N integers is given. An equilibrium index of this array is any integer P such that 0 ≤ P < N and the sum of elements of lower indices is equal to the sum of elements of higher indices, i.e.
A[0] + A[1] + ... + A[P−1] = A[P+1] + ... + A[N−2] + A[N−1].
Sum of zero elements is assumed to be equal to 0. This can happen if P = 0 or if P = N−1.
For example, consider the following array A consisting of N = 7 elements:
A[0] = -7 A[1] = 1 A[2] = 5
A[3] = 2 A[4] = -4 A[5] = 3
A[6] = 0
P = 3 is an equilibrium index of this array, because A[0] + A[1] + A[2] = A[4] + A[5] + A[6].
P = 6 is also an equilibrium index, because: A[0] + A[1] + A[2] + A[3] + A[4] + A[5] = 0 and there are no elements with indices greater than 6.
P = 7 is not an equilibrium index, because it does not fulfill the condition 0 ≤ P < N.
Write a function
class Solution { public int equi(int[] A); }
that, given a zero-indexed array A consisting of N integers, returns any of its equilibrium indices. The function should return −1 if no equilibrium index exists.
Assume that:
N is an integer within the range [0..10,000,000];
each element of array A is an integer within the range [−2,147,483,648..2,147,483,647].
For example, given array A such that
A[0] = -7 A[1] = 1 A[2] = 5
A[3] = 2 A[4] = -4 A[5] = 3
A[6] = 0
the function may return 3 or 6, as explained above.